Twentieth century composer, Anton Webern studied with noted musicologist, Guido Adler at Vienna University. It is there, most likely, that he cultivated an affinity for early music.
Webern was particularly taken with the music of J.S. Bach. His 1935 transcription of Bach’s Ricercar a 6 from the Musical Offering (BWV 1079) is one his seminal works. Webern orchestrated the work for flute, oboe, English horn, bassoon, horn, trumpet, trombone, timpani, harp and strings, employing a style called Klangfarbenmelodie, in which melody lines are passed from one instrument to another every few notes, adding color and texture to the melodic line.
Enjoy this rendition with Pierre Boulez conducting the Berlin Philharmonic.