The sarabande, a dance in triple meter, dates back to 16th century Spain. Originally a lively dance considered to be indecent, it later evolved into a slow court dance in Italy and France.
Bach included the sarabande in many of his works, most notably in the French Suites for Harpsichord, the six Cello Suites, the Partitas for Keyboard and the Violin Partitas. The sarabande also plays an important role in The Goldberg Variations, being the form Bach chose for the theme.
This morning I had the pleasure of hearing a recording of the sarabande from the French Suite No. 5 in G major (BWV 816). Enjoy the recording by pianist, Simone Dinnerstein here.